Substances included in this program have a high potential for abuse, which can lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are divided into five programs. These are not exhaustive lists, so keep in mind that a substance does not need to be listed as a controlled substance to be treated as a scheduled substance for criminal prosecution. A controlled (programmed) drug is one whose use and distribution are strictly controlled due to its potential or risk of abuse.
Substances included in this list do not currently have an accepted medical use in the United States, lack accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and have a high potential for abuse. Schedule V drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a lower potential for abuse than those in Schedule IV and consist of preparations that contain limited amounts of certain narcotics. Drugs with the greatest potential for abuse are included in Schedule I, and those with the lowest potential for abuse are in Schedule V. Substances on this list have a low potential for abuse relative to Schedule IV substances and consist primarily of preparations containing limited amounts of certain narcotics.
Please note that a substance does not need to be listed as a controlled substance to be treated as a Schedule I substance for criminal prosecution. Schedule V: The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse compared to drugs or other substances included in Schedule IV. Schedule III: The drug or other substance has a lower potential for abuse than drugs or other substances in Schedules I and II. Schedule I: The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse and currently has no accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
UU. An updated and complete list of programs is published annually in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (C. Drugs, substances, or chemicals in Schedule IV are defined as drugs with low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence. Schedule IV: The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse compared to drugs or other substances included in Schedule III.
If external parties want to ensure that a compound is not considered a scheduled substance or a listed chemical, they should write to the DEA, Drug and Chemical Evaluation Section (DRE), Diversion Control Division, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, for an official determination.